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In the early days of the car, it was believed that the spread of this new motoring fad would be limited by our ability to train chauffeurs and supply leather for the upholstery. Only the rich would have cars. The rest of us just walked on. But we, the shuffling masses, had seen the cars. And we saw that they were good. This is the story of how motoring came to the masses... how dictatorships and democracies alike pursued the dream of cars for all... . . of red herrings, seen here in green, and automotive cul-de-sacs, of shattered dreams and the fall of the mighty. This is how we fell in love with our wheels. Also, this happens. 'This week, totalitarian transport - 'the people's cars of the state 'and how some were more equal than others.' Ow! 'But first, it's time to slay a sacred cow.' The term "people's car" is a very emotive one amongst car historians, and most of them would tell you that it all started with this, the Ford Model T. But then again, wasn't it Henry Ford who said, "History is more or less bunk"? And I agree with him. Adolf Hitler was not an engineer. He was more of a wildlife enthusiast. "You only have to look at nature," he is alleged to have said, "to see what streamlining is." Herr Hitler sagte, mein Auto sollte wie ein Kafer aussehen. Mr Hitler said, my car should look like a beetle. For me, the Beetle is where the true story of the people's car begins, and because it was a social initiative, not a business one. Today, the Beetle is the world's most recognisable car. Over 21 million were made, and it's the only car to have its own Hollywood movie franchise. But the Love Bug has a dark side. The Beetle's beginnings were mired in scandal, deceit, theft and, let's not beat about the bush here, crimes against humanity. And like no other car in history, the Beetle played a unique political role in increasing a dictator's control over the lives of his people. To begin with, the Beetle wasn't even called a Volkswagen. It was called the Kraft durch Freude Wagen - the strength through joy car. Kraft durch Freude was Hitler's ministry of family leisure activities. It was created to promote the joys of living under a Nazi regime. The KdF operated on a massive scale. It built Titanic-sized cruise liners... . . vast holiday complexes, and laid on free trips for the honest German family. There were even nationwide keep-fit clubs. A little bit of morning exercise with just a subtle hint of bunting. ♪ I don't want a holiday in the sun... ♪ Hitler thought there should be a car as well. That would bring the state right into the heart of everyday family life. The man entrusted with its design, legendary engineer Dr Ferdinand Porsche. He's the one with the tache. The KdF car would be built in a vast new factory - the Volkswagenwerk in Saxony, and should, above all, be affordable for the average German worker. And this is what he came up with - the original Kraft durch Freude Wagen. And when I say original, I mean very original. This is the oldest running Beetle in the world. It's prototype number six, and it was built by Dr Porsche in his Stuttgart workshop so strictly speaking, since the Volkswagen factory hadn't been finished yet, this is a Porsche. When you look at an original prototype like this, you can see exactly what Hitler was on about. It should look like a beetle and it does, it does look like a beetle. Operate the semaphore indicators.